Saskatoon Dental Group is a locally owned, full-scale Saskatoon dental clinic offering general dentistry services. At Saskatoon Dental Group, we are dedicated to offering excellent care to our amazing patients who are like family to us. We are grateful to treat whole families in Saskatoon across multiple generations and have a multicultural team speaking multiple languages. Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a common dental problem that affects people of all ages. It occurs when the enamel, the protective outer layer of your teeth, is gradually eroded by acids produced by bacteria in your mouth. Understanding the steps to tooth decay can help you take proactive steps to prevent it. Here’s a closer look at understanding tooth decay; steps and prevention to safeguard your oral health.

Understanding Tooth Decay: Steps and Prevention

Step 1: Plaque Formation The journey to tooth decay begins with the formation of plaque. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that coats your teeth. When you consume sugary or starchy foods, these bacteria feed on the sugars and release acids as byproducts. These acids weaken the enamel and create an ideal environment for decay to thrive.

Step 2: Enamel Demineralization The acids produced by bacteria cause demineralization of the enamel, which is the first visible sign of trouble. Initially, you might not notice any symptoms, but as the enamel weakens, it can lead to sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures or sweet foods.

Step 3: Formation of a Cavity As enamel continues to erode, a small hole or cavity begins to form. At this stage, you may start to experience mild discomfort or pain when eating or drinking. If left untreated, the cavity will progress and become larger over time.

Step 4: Dentin Decay Once the cavity extends beyond the enamel and reaches the dentin, the inner layer of the tooth, the decay accelerates. Dentin is softer than enamel, making it easier for the bacteria to penetrate and spread. You may experience more significant pain and sensitivity at this stage.

Step 5: Pulp Involvement If tooth decay continues to progress without intervention, it can reach the pulp, the innermost part of the tooth containing nerves and blood vessels. This stage is incredibly painful and often requires a root canal procedure to save the tooth.

Step 6: Abscess Formation In the most severe cases, the infection can spread to the surrounding tissues, leading to the formation of an abscess. Abscesses can cause intense pain, swelling, and even systemic health problems if left untreated.

When you understand tooth decay: Prevention is Key Thankfully, tooth decay is largely preventable. Here are some essential steps to protect your teeth:

  • Brush and Floss Regularly: Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily to remove plaque and food particles.
  • Healthy Diet: Limit sugary and starchy foods and beverages, as they promote plaque formation. Opt for a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and dairy products.
  • Fluoride: Use fluoride toothpaste and consider fluoride treatments from your dentist to strengthen enamel.
  • Regular Check-ups: Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings to catch and address early signs of decay.
  • Sealants: Ask your dentist about dental sealants, a protective coating applied to the chewing surfaces of molars to prevent decay.

Understanding the steps to tooth decay empowers you to take proactive measures to maintain good oral health. By following proper dental hygiene practices and seeking professional care, you can keep your smile bright and cavity-free. Consulting your Saskatoon Dental Group dentist can provide personalized recommendations based on an individual’s unique oral health situation.

Click Here to Read our other articles about good dental habits

Book your appointment today! Saskatoon Dental Group is always welcoming patients looking for a new dental family. If you would like to book a checkup or have any dental questions please do not hesitate to contact our team.

See you soon!

The Saskatoon Dental Group Team


Understanding tooth decay; steps and prevention picture of someone's rotten tooth at Saskatoon Dental Group office